MIIP

Who are we?

Our group within the Center for Informatics science is interested in area of medical imaging and image processing. Medical imaging is a subfield of imaging in general concerned with its use to noninvasively access the inside of the human body, which is perhaps a crucial step for diagnosing diseases for the proper treatment or the screening for the occurrence of a disease in order to avoid it.

 

Our mission

Is to develop novel methods for noninvasive, sensitive, and precise imaging method for detecting and diagnosing diseases.

 

What is Medical Imaging?

Medical imaging, specifically, focuses on the development of the imaging devices to reveal different aspects of the tissue and organs based on different physical properties of tissue.  This includes the ability to block x-ray (radiography and CT), the magnetic properties of tissue (MRI), the absorption and incorporation of isotopes (nuclear imaging, SPECT and PET), the mechanical property and its interaction with the propagating sonic waves (ultrasound), and other novel modalities.  The implementation of these technologies is manifested in the number of modalities that are currently being used: CT, MRU, US, SPECT, PET, etc.  These modalities do not only reveal the morphology and anatomy of the internal organs, healthy or not, but they extend to reveal the function (whether mechanical as in the heart or neural as in the brain), physiology (blood perfusion and circulation),or tissue composition (fat, muscle, etc). This rich information has contributed to  the drastic improvement in human health.Nevertheless, because of the complexity of the human body, there is still more that need to be done, and novel directions in imaging, such as molecular imaging, are hot areas of research.

 

What is Medical Image Processing?

While medical imaging is concerned with developing the technology to produce images of the internal of the body better or reveal new properties of the tissue and internal structure, medical image processing is concerned with developing methods for the reconstruction, enhancement, and analysis of the resulting images.  It focuses on facilitating the extraction of the clinically relevant information about the morphology, physiology and function from the images.  One important role for medical image processing is producing objective measurements and quantities that replaces the typical subjective readings of the images by the experts.